Published on April 17, 2013

DYNAMO : A Century of Light and Movement (1913-2013)
Grand Palais, Galerie Nationales
April 10 - July 22, 2013

April 17, 2013

Ann Moradian for The Dance Enthusiast

Wow! This is a knock-out performance, not to be missed. And don't worry, they have sofas to lie down on and emergency staff stationed throughout the exhibit. I ended up leaning against my husband on the metro ride home in a state of complete and utter exhaustion. It felt a bit like the one night I went out dancing nonstop until 4am.

From the Grand Palais Website:
Notions of space, vision and light run through the abstract art of the 20th century and interest many world renowned contemporary artists such as Ann Veronica Janssens, Anish Kapoor, John Armleder, Carsten Höller, Philippe Decrauzat, Jeppe Hein, Felice Varini and Xavier Veilhan. By putting vibration along with the spectator’s perception in the centre of their works, they set up multiple resonances with optical and kinetic art, which first emerged at the Movement exhibition in Denise René’s Paris gallery in 1955, but also, more broadly, with what was later called "perceptual art" at the exhibition The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1965.

This exhibition shows how, from Calder to Kapoor, numerous artists have dealt with the concepts of vision, space, light and movement in their works, often creating installations that the visitor takes part in.

DYNAMO is an exhibit of visual art that explores the relationship between art and viewer. There is no stage or obvious performance space, and the human body is neither the subject nor object of the event - our experience and perception are.

DYNAMO is, in fact, one enormous experiential installation. The National Gallery at the Grand Palais is made up of a chain of vast chambers and our movement through that space, along with shifting currents of air and light, creates an unusual and unsettling experience that I would call 'a dance'.

Dynamo, l'exposition by Rmn-Grand_Palais

Three concave circles of metal hang face-to-face creating what feels like a three-sided room and reflecting light with a rich and gentle warmth. The beauty  is seductive and I enter its territory willingly. These 'mirrors' reflect both sound and light, and my vision warps along their surfaces so that I am no longer sure what is down or up, in or out, near or far. Even the slightest movement sends the world whirling, and sound follows. My voice echoes in my head in one position, then seems to emanate from someplace completely other than where I know I am when I shift my weight. The work seizes my head in its embrace, and violently rocks all sense of orientation out of it. I feel the need to flee, rather than have my feet so unearthed beneath me. This is Anish Kapoor's work, which is untitled.

dynamo by OrangeSocialCulture

There are many other such violent works, particularly at the beginning of the exhibition. Much of them, less beautiful, burn the optic nerve with harsh neon or clashing edges of black and white. But as we continue our journey, our heads throbbing, elements of magical illusion return- thankfully, with less violence.

I find myself fascinated by the simplicity of some of them, like the folded paper sculpture framed on the wall by Klaus Staudt that plays gently with shadow and light on its cream colored surface. It shifts color and shape as my perspective changes (as if it were alive.)

By the time I arrive in the room with the hanging mobiles I know, with certainty and pleasure, that I have been given permission to play. If you walk through Jesus Rafael Soto's hanging strips of thin blue plastic, Pénétrable BBL Bleu (Penetrable BBL Blue), with your arms spread wide like a bird, the whole thing moves like seaweed in the ocean.



Jeppe Hein Rotating Labyrinth 2007 Miroirs polis, infrastructure en aluminium, plateforme, rouleau, moteur 550 × 550 × 220 cm
Avec l’amabilité de Johann König, Berlin et 303 Gallery, New York


I stood beside  a mobile of clear plastic squares blowing on them to watch the play of the shifting light- almost pure shadow and light, and no object at all. Julio Le Parc calls his work Continuel-mobile, but if I were a child I would have called it Magical Mobile.

Usually (though not always) when we go to a performance, we as the audience are stationary and the "objects" of our attention move in order to create our experience. Film is similar.

In DYNAMO we are asked to move through art, and in doing so we engage in a unique experience.There is a dance going on here that forces us to acknowledge our being in time and space.

It is so easy to believe that we are the still and central point around which all else turns. DYNAMO powerfully reminds us of the shifting sands of our own living, breathing being.

Hats off to Serge Lemoine, Commissaire général de l'exposition, and his team.

Open Dynamo by Rmn-Grand_Palais



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